Lucasian professor

From Academic Kids

The incumbent of the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics, the Lucasian professor is the holder of a mathematical professorship at Cambridge University. The post was founded in 1663 by Henry Lucas, who was Cambridge University's Member of Parliament from 16391640, and was officially established by King Charles II on January 18, 1664. Lucas, in his will, bequeathed his library of 4,000 volumes to the University and left instruction for the purchase of land whose yielding would provide 100 a year for the founding of a professorship. One of the requirements in Lucas' will was that the holder of the professorship should not be active in the church. Isaac Newton would later appeal to King Charles II that this requirement excused him from taking holy orders, which was compulsory for all Fellows of the University at that time, but which would have been incompatible with his Arian beliefs. The King supported Newton and excused all holders of the professorship, in perpetuity, from the requirement to take holy orders.

The current Lucasian Professor of Mathematics is renowned theoretical physicist Stephen W. Hawking. He was appointed in 1980.

List of Lucasian Professors

See also

References

de:Lukasischer Lehrstuhl fa:کرسی ریاضیات لوکاس ja:ルーカス教授職 ko:루카스_석좌_교수 sl:Lucasov profesor

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