Jehoash of Judah

From Academic Kids

Jehoash ("Jehovah-given"), was king of Judah, and sole surviving son of Ahaziah. Albright has dated his reign to 837 - 800 BC, while Thiele offers the dates 835 - 796 BC.

While yet an infant, he was saved from the general massacre commanded by Athaliah of the family by his aunt Jehosheba, and was apparently the only surviving descendant of David (2 Chronicles 21:4, 17). His uncle, the high priest Jehoiada, brought him forth to public notice when he was eight years of age, and had Jehoash crowned and anointed king. Athaliah was taken by surprise when she heard the shout of the people, "Long live the king;" and when she appeared in the temple to challenge this coup, Jehoiada commanded her to be led forth to death (2 Kings 11:13-20).

While the high priest lived, Jehoash favored the worship of God and observed the law; but on his death Johoash was led into supporting other gods; Zechariah, the son and successor of the high priest, was put to death. For these deeds, the author of the Books of Kings believed Jehoash brought down on the land the judgement of God, and it was oppressed by the Aramean invaders. He was buried in the City of David (2 Kings 12:21).

He is one of the three kings omitted by Matthew (1:8) in the genealogy of Jesus, the other two being Ahaziah and Amaziah.

In 2001, an unprovenced inscription was published, known as the Temple Inscription, which appears to be a record of repairs made to Solomon's Temple during Jehoash's reign. The majority of scholars have condemned this inscription as a forgery based on the language and script of the inscription, although a number of scholars have vigorously defended its authenticity.

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Preceded by:
Athaliah
King of Judah Succeeded by:
Amaziah
he:יהואש
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