Delisle scale

From Academic Kids

The Delisle scale is a temperature scale invented in 1732 by the French astronomer Joseph-Nicolas Delisle (16881768). It is similar to that of Réaumur. Delisle was the author of Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire et aux progrès de l'Astronomie, de la Géographie et de la Physique (1738).

He had been invited to Russia by Peter the Great. In 1732 he built a thermometer that used mercury as a working fluid. Delisle chose his scale using the temperature of boiling water as the fixed zero point and measured the contraction of the mercury (with lower temperatures) in hundred-thousandths. The Celsius scale too originally ran from zero for boiling water down to 100 for freezing water; in 1747 Linnaeus would invert the fixed points to give us the familiar scale.

The Delisle thermometers usually had 2400 graduations, appropriate to the winter in St. Petersburg. In 1738 Josias Weitbrecht (17021747) recalibrated the Delisle thermometer with 0 degrees as the boiling point and 150 degrees as the freezing point of water. The Delisle thermometer remained in use for almost 100 years in Russia.

Thus, the unit of this scale, the Delisle degree (sometimes spelled de Lisle), is −2/3 of a kelvin (or a degree Celsius) and absolute zero is at 559.725 Delisle degrees.

Template:Delisle conversion

External link

Temperature scales
Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin
Delisle Leyden Newton Rankine Réaumur Rømer
Conversion formulas
fr:Échelle Delisle
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