Chicago Water Tower

From Academic Kids

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Chicago_water_tower_pump.jpg
The water tower sits adjacent to the downtown campus of Loyola University Chicago along the Magnificent Mile of North Michigan Avenue. Behind the water tower is Loyola's Pearson Building.
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The 1866 pumping station located across Michican Avenue from the Water Tower.

The Chicago Water Tower is a Chicago, Illinois landmark in downtown Chicago along the Magnificent Mile of North Michigan Avenue. Located on the doorsteps of Loyola University Chicago, the Chicago Water Tower is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and serves as the Chicago Convention and Tourism Bureau Visitor's Welcome Center.

Popularly claimed to have been the only surviving structure after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, the Chicago Water Tower was built in 1869 by architect William W. Boyington. While it was one of the only buildings within the fire district to survive, much of the city south of the Chicago River survived, including the home of Catherine O'Leary, in whose barn the fire is reputed to have begun.

The Chicago Water Tower is constructed of dolomitic limestone from Joliet, Illinois. Built in a castellated Gothic architectural style, it has a 154 foot tall tower which originally hid a 138 foot tall standpipe used to keep water flowing.

Though the building was designated a national landmark in 1969, there were three occasions (in 1906, 1918 and 1948) when the Chicago Water Tower's existence was threatened. In each case, the building was saved by public outcry and the legend linking it to Chicago before the Great Fire.

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